Dulce Rodrigues, writer
IT HAPPENED IN JUNE
- 5 - Denmark's National Day: celebration of the adoption of the 1953 constitution.
- 6 - Sweden's National Day: celebration of the accession to the throne in 1523 of Gustave I Vasa.
- 10 - Portugal's National Day: celebration of the death of the great Portuguese poet of the Renaissance Luís de Camões,
author of the world famous epic Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads).
- 13, 1232 - Saint Anthony of Lisbon dies in Arcelo, near Padua, in Italy.
Born in Lisbon on August 15, 1195, in a small house that at the time existed where later was erected the church bearing his name,
right in front of the old Lisbon cathedral, our Saint Anthony of Lisbon - whose official name was Fernando de Bolhões -
was canonised at Spoleto on May 30, 1233 and proclaimed Doctor of the Church in 1946. He was the first Portuguese
missionary, possibly also the first Portuguese emigrant. Saint Anthony is the patron saint of Lisbon and
other Portuguese cities and villages, and his celebrations take the character of popular events. He is also
celebrated and venerated in Italy, especially in the area of Padua where he died.
Since he was born on Assumption Day, Saint Anthony's iconography - unlike that of other saints - shows him with Baby Jesus in his arms, a privilege he shares with the Virgin Mary, also celebrated on August 15.
- 17, 1922 - First Air Crossing of the (South) Atlantic: Admiral Gago Coutinho
and naval captain Sacadura Cabral
arrive in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, after a flight of about 62 hours
(with three stopping places), therefore covering a distance of 8283 km. A remarkable event which
proved the efficiency of the new navigation methods and instruments invented by the two Portuguese air pilots:
a precision astrolabe, based on the sea navigation sextant, that allowed measuring the height of the
celestial bodies at any time and from any latitude without the major errors encountered until then;
and the Direction Corrector (named after the two pilots "Corrector de Direcção Coutinho-Sacadura"),
a small device aimed at calculating the winds direction and strength.
- 17 - Iceland's National Day: celebration of the proclamation of the republic in 1944.
- 17 - Germany's National Day: commemoration of the so-called unification day,
a workers' manifestation in East Berlin in 1953.
- 18, 1815 - Battle of Waterloo: Napoleon arrives with his troops at Charleroi, in Belgium,
on June 15. Three days later, on June 18, his men charge in direction of Mount-Saint-Jean the
coalition forces and at 6 p.m. the French Marshal Ney takes hold of the farm of Haie-Sainte.
At 8.30 p.m., however, the British army commanded by the Duke of Wellington goes down the plateau
dominating the village of Waterloo and attacks the French soldiers, overwhelming them.
Napoleon will be exiled in Saint-Helene where he will die on May 15, 1821.
- 23 - Summer solstice.
- 23 - Luxemburg's National Day: celebration of the anniversary of the old Grand-Duke Jean.
- 24, 1128 - The troops faithful to countess Theresa of Portugal meet the forces lead by her son Afonso Henriques.
The outcoming issue is favourable to the latter and most historians consider this date as the date of the
foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal.
- 24 - Spain's National Day: Saint John, patron saint of the king.
- 29 - Saint Peter's Day.
One of the most important dates in a person's life is our own birthday.
Would you like to know how much time has passed since that day?
Enjoy yourself making the calculation