Dulce Rodrigues, writer
IT HAPPENED IN MAY
- 01 - Labour Day: The 1st May was associated to the Labour Day at the end of the XIX century.
In fact, in 1884, at Chicago, the 5th congress of the Trade Unions decided that as from the 1st May 1886
the Labour Day would be of 8 hours, and from 1886 to 1889, this day of 1st of May was characterised by strikes in the US.
It is then in honour to the workers killed during those events that the 1st of May was officially declared Labour Day.
For those interested in History, it should be mentioned that a few important events took place on a 1st of May.
In 1904, the famous composer Anton Dvorak died in Prague. On 1st May 1910, the NAACP (National Association of Colour
People) was created in the US, and in 931, still in the US, the Empire State Building, the highest building in the world
at the time (831 m), was inaugurated in New-York. In 1978, Music loses again one of its great men: the composer Aram Khatchatourian
dies in Moscow. Another famous man died on a 1st of May: the Brazilian Ayrton Senna killed himself during the 1994 racecar circuit of Imola.
And in 1997, Tony Blair's Labour Party wins the general elections and produces a political change in the UK.
- 05, 1945 - The Netherlands National Day: celebration of the retreat of the German army in 1945.
- 20, 1498 - Discovery of the Sea Route to India: With a fleet of 4 vessels - S. Gabriel, S. Rafael, Bérrio
and a caravel carrying foodstuff - Gama arrived at Calicut, one of the most important mercantile cities of India.
This extraordinary maritime adventure confirmed the direct communication between the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans,
therefore putting an end to the old idea that the Indian Ocean was an interior sea.
The repercussions of its findings added significantly in the practical combination of scientific and technical knowledge,
resulting in the construction of new instruments and weapons, and the development of new scientific methods of astronomical observation.
The sea voyages undertaken by the Portuguese provided a means for the circulation of
navigational knowledge and techniques, some of these already used by them long before the maritime expansion.
Portugal opened the way to a variety of human objectives like the development of other lands and new markets,
a broader understanding of different people and cultures, and the wakening of a curiosity for the botanical and
zoological diversity of a living world unknown to the Europeans until then.
For further info on the Discovery of the Maritime Route to India, please feel free to visit my blogs
Around Portugal and
Autour du Portugal.
Map of the Indian Ocean
One of the most important dates in a person's life is our own birthday.
Would you like to know how much time has passed since that day?
Enjoy yourself making the calculation